What if the grooming happened online?
How to spot a cat- fish:The following maybe signs that a person is a creep or online predator:
- A person who refuses to Skype, do face-time chats or voice chats.
- A person who’s story changes as time goes along
- A person’s story who sounds to good to be true – it usually is!
- A person who tell you they want to meet, set up the meeting and then cancels at the last moment.
Crimen injuria consists of the unlawful, intentional and serious violation of the dignity or privacy of another person. This crime can also be committed by communicating to somebody else a message containing, expressly or implicitly, an invitation to or a suggestion of sexual immorality or impropriety, or by sending indecent photos.
Assault is defined as any unlawful and intentional act or omission:
- which results in another person’s bodily integrity being directly or indirectly impaired, or
- which inspires belief or fear in another person that such impairment of his or her bodily integrity is immediately to take place.
Criminal defamation is defined as the unlawful and intentional publication of a matter concerning another, which tends to seriously injure his or her reputation. Criminal defamation includes both verbal and written defamation. It is a requirement the defamatory words must have come to the notice of someone other than the victim. If not, the perpetrator can only be charged with crimen injuria. Defamatory remarks in chat rooms, on social networking sites, e-mails, text messages or instant messages to third parties are some of the methods of committing cyber bullying that will fall within the ambit of this criminal offence.
Extortion is committed when a person unlawfully and intentionally obtains some advantage, which may be of either a patrimonial or non-patrimonial nature, from another by subjecting the latter to pressure, which induces him or her to hand over the advantage. With reference to cyber bullying, extortion may be committed where a person intentionally and unlawfully threatens to electronically distribute images about another person unless the victim hand the perpetrator the advantage.
Source: CYBER BULLYING IssuePaper10-Legalreponses-cyberbullying-SA